A little more than a month in the past the Indonesian palm oil Environment and Forestry Ministry sought to extend a moratorium the issue of new permits for use of peatland and forest in the country for a period of two years.
Indonesia is facing a major environmental problem as the forests are disappearing rapidly and palm oil is blame for this. In reality this industry symbolizes tensions between the necessity to conserve natural areas and the need for support for economic growth within the Global South.
Palm is an extraordinary oil-producing crop that has an unbeatable amount of oil produced per hectare. It a prolific and low-cost multi-purpose oil which is sought after by biofuels and the agro food industry.
If they are properly plan and manage when properly manage and develop, palm oil plantations will be a significant factor in increasing the quality of life and eliminating poverty in tropical rural regions. According to the World Bank estimates that with the population growth of 11.6 percent and a 5 percent increase in per capita consumption, another 28, million tons of oils from vegetable sources are expect to be produce every year by the year 2020.
Palm oil production worldwide is currently led by Indonesia and Malaysia and Malaysia, who together comprise around 85% worldwide supply. This is due to the emerging economies like India, Indonesia and China where both the growth of population and higher living standards are the main reasons in the rise of demand. European consumption is responsible 15 percent of all global palm oil usage, while the US makes use of 3percent.
The Palm Oil Deforestation Question
The European Parliament’s resolution of 4 April 2017 regarding deforestation and palm oil concluded an ongoing debate on the possibility of regulating imports of palm oil, with the goal of reducing deforestation within Southeast Asia.
The issue was discuss in an article that was publish by Le Monde, the French publication Le Monde on April 3 2017. Concerning environmental damages related to the production of palm oil The article said, Land conversion for oil palm plantations is the cause of 60% of depletion of forest cover in the globe.
However, a deeper look at the origins of this information reveals that palm oil is responsible for just 2.3 percent of the deforestation in the world. What is the best way to get this difference explain?
Questions About Palm Oil Numbers
This Le Monde article is based on a report released in March 2017 from the European Parliament on the social and environmental impact of palm oil cultivation. Our team has carefully reviewed the 400-page document and that 40% number likely comes from.
It states it is 40% the global deforestation is the result of the shifting towards large-scale monoculture oil palm plantations. 73% of deforestation worldwide is caused by clearing land to produce agriculture-related raw material.
The same deforestation statistics for global agriculture as well as for the oil palm industry however. This time they include all kinds of agricultural production, and not only intensive or industrial agriculture.
It is important to note the smallholder farmer plays an important part in the global. Production of agricultural products 95% of rice, coffee and cocoa production is derived from them. For the palm oil industry Non-agro-industrial farms comprise approximately 40 percent of land. And can also be a source of the destruction of forests.
The information contained in the report of the European Parliament do not necessarily refer to all sources. If the figure of 73% does not have an actual source however. The 40% figure is stated as being derive from a 2013 technical document that is based on a study ordered. From the European Commission, carried out by three private consultants.
It claims the 239 million acres (hectares) of forest were clear during the study period. Mainly in subtropical or tropics There were 91 million hectares of forest across Latin America; 73 million in sub-Saharan Africa, and 44 million across Southeast Asia.
Agriculture is, therefore, the primary source of deforestation worldwide. Which accounts for 24% of area used for livestock, and 29% used for crop cultivation. The report gives some specifics about the 29 percent of that is deforest due to agriculture. And focuses on the crops that have the greatest contribution soybean (19 percent) and maize (11 percent) and oil palm (8 percent) and rice (6%), rice (6%)) as well as sugarcane 5-5.5 percent.
Let’s Make A New Calculation
Based on these information sets the palm oil plantations comprise only 8% of deforestation caused by agriculture-related crops. This is just 8% of 29%, which is 2.3 percent which is 5.6 million hectares out of 239 million. Hectares lost to forest between 1990 between 1990 and the year 2008.
In order to determine the figure of 40 to find the figure. We need to examine a bit more in the technical report. The point where the deforestation of Brazil as well as Indonesia is examine. These are two countries in which the losses to forests were found as the largest.
In the span of just Indonesia In the entire region of Indonesia, the area of 25 million square hectares. Forest was destroy and of these, 7.5 million acres were use for agriculture production. Of the 7.5 million hectares 2.9 million belong to palm oil plantations, which is around 40 percent. This is why it accounts to 40% the deforestation and it’s only because. It’s result from the agricultural sector, and only in this particular country, not across the globe.